Researchers say Australia is to be part of a major three-nation archaeological survey of the Gallipoli battlefield.
Associate Professor Chris Mackie, from the University of Melbourne, says the survey will be conducted by researchers from Australia, New Zealand and Turkey.
It will combine conventional mapping with electromagnetic surveying to produce the most comprehensive historical and archaeological study ever conducted at the site.
"Most of the attention in the post-war period has been on the cemeteries," he said about studies of Turkey's Gallipoli Peninsula.
"One of the things we'll be spending a great deal of time on is the mapping of the trenches to see how they cohere with surviving maps of the trenches and exploring what lies beneath."
Professor Mackie says there is a "distinct possibility" that a wealth of material dating back to the days of antiquity lies buried beneath the battlefield.
"Records from sappers dating back to 1915 mention ancient pots, ancient remains and so forth, so there could be material there," he said.
"Because we'll be using electromagnetics you're coming up with all sorts of possibilities, everything from material left behind in the battle itself to much older stuff."
Professor Mackie says many people are unaware of the historical importance of the region, which includes the nearby site of the ancient battle of Troy.
He says because of the historical and cultural sensitivity of the site "there's no intention to embark on any excavation".