Host Richard Karn looks at the Roman legionnaires, who conquered and dominated most of the known world for 500 years, and left behind a legacy of language, culture, architecture, and government.
8.00 p.m. |DTC| Antony & Cleopatra: Battle at Actium
The Roman navy, led by Octavian, defeated the formidable fleet of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra, sealing their fate and creating the Roman Empire. Some say the victory was merely the creation of Octavian's propaganda.
8.00 p.m. |HINT| Travels through Greece
By the 2nd century AD, Greece had long been steeped in myth, tradition, and a rich history that made it a major tourist destination even then. In this episode, we travel with a Roman senator as he journeys to artistic and cultural treasures of Greece, including Corinth's welcoming agora (the center of civic activity), the acoustically perfect Theater at Epidaurus, and the famous sporting competitions and chariot races of Olympia, as well as its majestic Temple of Zeus. Experience the cutting edge of archaeological exploration as we explore these celebrated ancient sites and see them as only the original inhabitants could.
8.30 p.m. |HINT| Greek Legacy in the West
During the 4th century BC, Sicily, once a stopping point for the seagoing Phoenicians, became the "new Greece" of the west. Our journey takes us to the various cultural centers that dotted the island, such as Syracuse, Agrigento (with the exquisite Valley of the Temples), and Selinus (modern-day Selenunte). Our trip highlights the theater in Syracuse, visits the Villa del Casale and Villa Filosofiana, both with typical Roman mosaics, and Agrigento with its numerous temples possibly built by Theron's slaves. Features 3D graphics to illustrate Syracuse's theater, the Temple of Concordia at Agrigento, and the temples at Selinus.
9.00 p.m. |NGU| The Crucifixion
Do films like "The Passion of the Christ" accurately portray the death of Jesus Christ? The Crucifixion takes viewers to the Holy Land with experts who investigate the details of this barbaric method of execution. Why was it used by first century Romansand how did it originate? What exactly happens during a crucifixion? Uncover new insight that challenges conventional wisdom about this ancient practice as experiments are performed on virtual models and real people to measure how the body reacts.
10.00 p.m. |HINT| Meet the Ancestors: At the Sign of the Eagle.
When developers moved in to dig up the car park behind the Eagle Hotel in Winchester, England's ancient capital, they found much more than they bargained for. Julian Richards joins a team of archaeologists as they unearth part of Roman Winchester's pagan past. The Roman cemetery includes Christian burials from the 4th century, the end of the Roman period, aligned in their traditional East-West graves. But, just as the investigation is coming to a close, an older burial is discovered in the chalk pit. An enormous lead coffin is revealed, only the second ever to be found in Roman Winchester, containing the complete skeleton of a tall male who died in the prime of life. This was clearly someone of wealth and status, originally buried in a fine oak coffin, lined with valuable lead. His pagan grave is aligned North-South and in his hand he clutches a single coin, bearing the face of Emperor Constantine. This was his fare to pay the ferryman, taking his soul across the River Styx to Hades.
10.00 p.m. |NGU| The Last Supper During the Last Supper, Jesus shared bread and wine - symbolically passing on his powers to his followers. In the centuries that followed, this act - now called Holy Communion - was to become the central ritual of the Catholic Church. Less than a week before he was crucified, Jesus traveled to Jerusalem to celebrate a Jewish holiday called Passover. If the Last Supper was a Passover dinner, what would that tell us about his final night? Where was the dinner, who were the guests, and what was served?